Singapore’s central bank loosened monetary policy for the first time in three-and-a-half years on Monday, while the trade-reliant economy narrowly dodged recession in the third quarter.
Singapore, like other trade-dependent Asian economies, has been struck by the US-China trade war and a broader global slowdown.
The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) said it would “reduce slightly” the slope of the band at which the Singapore dollar is allowed to move, effectively allowing for a weaker currency. The width and level at which the band was centered were maintained.
Instead of using interest rates, Singapore manages monetary policy by letting the local dollar rise or fall against a currency basket of its main trading partners within an undisclosed policy band.
The Singapore dollar appreciated slightly against the US dollar on Monday.
“It’s a slight reduction in the rate of appreciation. [MAS] did not say the policy was neutral, so it suggests that the slope is still positive,” said Barclays economist Brian Tan.
Eleven economists surveyed by Reuters had all expected Singapore to ease – its first such move since April 2016.
Fourteen of the 22 economists polled by Bloomberg predicted the monetary policy decision, with the rest projecting a more aggressive move to a zero slope.
The MAS held policy in April after tightening twice last year.
“In the last six months, the drag on GDP (gross domestic product) growth exerted by the manufacturing sector has intensified, reflecting the ongoing downturn in the global electronics cycle as well as the pullback in investment spending, caused in part by the uncertainty in US-China relations,” the MAS said.
Preliminary GDP data released at the same time showed Singapore’s economy narrowly avoided slipping into a technical recession.
The city-state’s economy expanded 0.6 percent in the third quarter, recovering from a shock 2.7 percent contraction in the second quarter. The economy grew by 0.1 percent yearly.
The manufacturing sector—a pillar of the trade-reliant economy—drove the decline. The sector shrank by 3.5 percent, continuing a 3.3 percent contraction in the previous quarter.
Singapore’s exports have been hammered by softened demand as the United States and China—two of Singapore’s largest export markets—slapped retaliatory tariffs on each other worth billions of dollars in two-way trade, weakening export demand worldwide.
The republic last slipped into recession in the aftermath of the global financial crisis in 2008.